My research and investigations

ML as a Functional Language

The challenge for any programming language X which claims to be general-purpose is this: can X compile itself? More specifically, can language X be used to write a compiler that compiles itself?

Most functional languages can perform this trick: John McCarthy’s Lisp in Lisp is a classic. Nowadays, there are Scheme in Scheme compilers.

Therefore it is no surprise to find an ML compiler in ML, specifically an SML compiler in SML. This is the mission for MLKit, even from version 1 in 1993. The project was to put the Definition of Standard ML (1990) into an actual implementation in SML. Since then, the 1990 Definition has been revised, and MLKit has evolved into version 4 with better and better compilation and implementation. This is a nice example of the expressive power of ML.

At first, the goal of MLKit was to understand the ML language itself. Both compilation and implementation are coded with clarity, rather than efficiency. However, this understanding provide the basis of other efficient ML implementations, including Moscow ML and Caml.

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